Exploring Meditation Techniques through EEG: A Systematic Review Contrasting Focused Attention and Open Monitoring Practices



Meditation, EEG, Focused Attention, Open Monitoring, Mindfulness



Mediation, dating back thousands of years, has evolved into a multifaceted practice, encompassing diverse techniques such as focused attention (FA) and open monitoring (OM). This meta-analysis aims to explore the neural correlates of FA and OM using electroencephalography (EEG) data. The findings provide a prevailing pattern of heightened alpha and theta brain waves in FA and OM. However, this analysis also exposes significant variations across studies. This heterogeneity contributed to the lack of a standardized approach for assessing mediation, disparate participant profiles, and methodological divergences in measuring brain activity. Further investigation must unravel the neural intricacies of FA and OM and more uniform methodologies in future studies.


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How to Cite

Garcia, C., Hosabettu, V., Vintila, T., & Jahangiri, F. R. (2023). Exploring Meditation Techniques through EEG: A Systematic Review Contrasting Focused Attention and Open Monitoring Practices. J of Neurophysiological Monitoring, 2(2), 31–45. Retrieved from https://jneurophysiologicalmonitoring.com/index.php/pub/article/view/54