The Use of Brain-Computer Interface Technology in the Restoration of the Upper Limb Functions from Spinal Cord Injuries




BCI, SCI, ALS, EEG, upper arm, arm, hand


Spinal cord injuries (SCI) can result in lifelong disability from the disconnection of the neural pathways in the spine to the brain, causing motor and functional deficits. In recent years, there has been growing interest in applying Brain-Computer Spinal Interface (BCI) technology to address the challenges individuals face with SCI.

A systematic literature review resulted in a comprehensive analysis of existing studies on BCI for SCI. The selected studies covered various approaches to BCI for restoring motor function in participants with an SCI. The BCI interventions ranged from non-invasive electroencephalography-based systems to more invasive technologies involving neural implants on the cortex of the brain and the epidural space on the spine.

The key findings of this review suggest that BCI technologies hold promise in significantly improving the quality of life and functional capabilities of individuals with SCI. Many studies reported significant improvements in motor function, communication, and overall well-being following BCI interventions. These interventions often facilitated direct communication between the brain and the spinal cord, bypassing the disconnected pathways between the brain and the spine caused by SCI.


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How to Cite

Flippen, C., Nalliah, P. K., & Jahangiri, F. R. (2024). The Use of Brain-Computer Interface Technology in the Restoration of the Upper Limb Functions from Spinal Cord Injuries. J of Neurophysiological Monitoring, 2(1), 35–43.

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